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20 Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody tests and sample developer solution, United States, 2005-2007

The OraQuick Advance Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody tests are used for clinical HIV testing of blood and saliva samples. The OraQuick tests are in development and under FDA (United States Food and Drug Administration) trials as a self-administered HIV test. They are for patients to carry out under the supervision of a trained person and are for use in outreach programmes and mobile clinics. It is pain-free and requires neither a blood sample or laboratory testing. The patient sweeps between the gum and teeth with a swab, which is placed in the stand for 20-40 minutes. The swab then indicates a positive or negative result. Twenty antibody tests are shown with a sample developer solution vial and plastic stand. The kit was made by Orasure Technologies. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that develops into AIDS. It can be transmitted via bodily fluids during unprotected sex, blood transfusions or sharing hypodermic needles. Symptoms may not appear for many years so it is possible to unknowingly infect other people during this time. The manufacturer claims that of those infected with HIV in the US, nearly a quarter are unaware of their condition.

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Glossary: HIV test

HIV tests are used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus in serum, saliva, or urine. There usually a window time of 22 days (average) between infection and the time that the test can detect infection. There are a wide variety of types of test.

Glossary: HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that weakens vital cells in the immune system, and leads to AIDS. There are two strands: HIV-1, which leads to immunity suppression; and HIV-2, which is not as potent and is only common in West Africa. HIV is spread through direct contact with bodily fluids.