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Fergusson type speculum, England, 1871-1900

Vaginal specula help diagnose and treat vaginal and uterine disorders. This type of vaginal specula was devised by surgeon Sir William Fergusson (1808-77). He was a leading surgeon based in London during the mid-1800s. He also developed other surgical instruments. Some of these are still used. The speculum has a mirrored interior. Light could be reflected inside the vagina to allow internal examination once the speculum was inserted. It has an elastic gum covering. The speculum was made in London by surgical instrument maker Simpson.

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Related Themes and Topics



Glossary: gynaecology

A branch of medicine dealing with the treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive system.

Glossary: speculum

Instrument for dilating certain passages of the body, and throwing light within them, thus facilitating examination or surgical operations; Types incluse ear, nasal, vaginal, anal or rectal