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Samples of cinchona bark, Quinquina Carabaya, prepared Paris, France, 1930-1931

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There are many species of cinchona. This sample is from Quinquina Carabaya, which is native to the Arequipa region of Peru and Arica region of Chile, both in South America. Quinine is the component of cinchona bark that was used for centuries to treat and prevent malaria. Quinine is extracted by a complex chemical process. The sample was prepared by F Laurent, a pharmacist, at H Salle, a chemist and druggist shop, in Paris, France, in 1930-1931.

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    Glossary: sample

    Individual units, segments, or small quantities taken as evidence of the quality or character of the entire group or lot

    Glossary: pharmacy

    The preparation and medicinal dispensing of drugs.

    Glossary: quinine

    A substance taken to fight malaria. Quinine is found naturally in the bark of the cinchona tree. It is also an ingredient in tonic water.

    Glossary: cinchona

    The dried bark of any of the Cinchona trees. Used to stimulate the appetite, prevent bleeding and, in the past, to treat malaria.