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Samples of cinchona bark, Quinquina Route Equateur, prepared Paris, France, 1930-1931

Quinine is the component of cinchona bark which was used to treat and prevent malaria. Besides being used to treat malaria, cinchona bark was also a pain and fever reliever. Quinine is extracted by a complex chemical process. There are many species of the plant. This sample is from Quinquina Route Equateur. The sample was prepared by F Laurent, a pharmacist, at H Salle, a chemist and druggist shop, in Paris, France, in 1930-1931.

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    Glossary: sample

    Individual units, segments, or small quantities taken as evidence of the quality or character of the entire group or lot

    Glossary: pharmacy

    The preparation and medicinal dispensing of drugs.

    Glossary: malaria

    Parasitic disease transmitted by certain kinds of mosquito. Malaria is characterized by fever and enlargement of the spleen. Each year, there are approximately 515 million cases of malaria, killing between one and three million people.

    Glossary: quinine

    A substance taken to fight malaria. Quinine is found naturally in the bark of the cinchona tree. It is also an ingredient in tonic water.

    Glossary: cinchona

    The dried bark of any of the Cinchona trees. Used to stimulate the appetite, prevent bleeding and, in the past, to treat malaria.