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Cinchonine sulphate crystals, England, 1860-1910

Cinchonine sulphate crystals, England, 1860-1910

Credits: Science Museum

Cinchonine sulphate is a cheaper alternative to quinine sulphate and was also used to treat malaria. Both cinchonine and quinine are present in cinchona bark. Once they had been chemically extracted from cinchona in the early 1800s, a new range of anti-malaria drugs were developed.

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Glossary: cinchonine sulphate crystals

No description.

Glossary: pharmacy

The preparation and medicinal dispensing of drugs.

Glossary: malaria

Parasitic disease transmitted by certain kinds of mosquito. Malaria is characterized by fever and enlargement of the spleen. Each year, there are approximately 515 million cases of malaria, killing between one and three million people.

Glossary: quinine

A substance taken to fight malaria. Quinine is found naturally in the bark of the cinchona tree. It is also an ingredient in tonic water.

Glossary: cinchonine

One of the compounds derived from the bark of various species of cinchona trees, used in several medical practices including anti-malarial treatments.