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'Military Surgical Instruments', published Vienna, Austria, 1782

'Military Surgical Instruments' is the rough translation from the Latin of the title of this book. Latin was still widely used in books for educated people in the 1700s. The book was written by Giovanni Alessandro Brambilla (1728-1800) on the various surgical instruments one might encounter on the battlefield. This page shows a number of different bullet extractors. Brambilla was entrusted by Joseph II (1741-90), the Holy Roman Emperor, with reorganising military medicine instruction in Vienna, Austria. The time and money Joseph II was willing to invest in medical teaching demonstrates the importance he attached to medicine on the battlefield. In 1785, the Josephium Academy was opened in Vienna to educate men in military surgery. The lectures were delivered in German rather than Latin so a larger number of men could be trained.

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Related Themes and Topics



Glossary: book

A written or printed work consisting of pages glued or sewn together along one side and bound in covers. Usually continuous printing or writing.

Glossary: bullet extractor

An instrument resembling elongated forceps and used for extracting bullets from the human body.

Glossary: medical education

Medical education is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner, either the initial training to become a doctor (i.e., medical school and internship) or additional training thereafter (e.g., residency and fellowship.)