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Bronze inkstand used by Louis Pasteur, Europe, 1801-1830

This ink stand was used by Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), the French chemist and microbiologist, while working on the diseases of silkworms at Pont Gisquet, southern France from 1865-1870. He discovered the parasites re-sponsible for damaging the French silk worm industry and successfully insti-gated isolation and destruction of infected worms to prevent the spread of disease.

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Glossary: microbiology

Branch of biology that deals with micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, and their effects.

Glossary: inkstand

Stand for holding inkwells, pens, sand, and other writing equipment.

Glossary: pounce box

A small box with a perforated top, formerly used to sprinkle sand or pounce on writing paper to dry the ink of a letter.

Glossary: epidemic

A sudden widespread occurance of an infection with high numbers of people affected.

Glossary: parasite

An organism which obtains food and shelter from another organism. The second organism is known as the host. The host is harmed in some way by the parasite. Examples of human parasites include the tape worm and the head louse.