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'Accident Emergency Case', England, 1920-1940

The ‘Accident Emergency Case’ contained first aid equipment to deal with insect bites (ammonia), cuts and bruises (plasters, bandages and arnica), burns (carron oil), eye injuries, epileptic fits, and bone fractures. The smelling salts in the kit are used to bring around someone who has fainted. Safety pins, needle and thread and a camel-hair brush are used to apply treatments. The kit has scissors, a mild antiseptic and other dressings, which were added by its previous owner. Made by Boots Pure Drug Company Ltd, now Boots the Chemist, the tin case can be emptied and used as a container for water.

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Glossary: first aid kit

A kit designed to give help to an injured person until proper medical treatment is available

Glossary: bandage

A strip of material such as gauze used to protect, immobilize, compress, or support a wound or injured body part

Glossary: burns

tissue damage caused by such agents as heat, cold, chemicals, electricity, ultraviolet light, or nuclear radiation. A first-degree burn affects only the outer layer (epidermis) of the skin. In a second-degree burn both the epidermis and the underlying dermis are damaged. A third-degree burn involves damage or destruction of the skin to its full depth and damage to the tissues beneath. Burns cause swelling and blistering, due to loss of plasma from damaged blood vessels.

Glossary: first aid

Treatment that is rendered initially for the care of an emergent condition. It is usually performed by a lay person to a sick or injured patient until definitive medical treatment can be accessed

Glossary: fits

No description.

Glossary: fracture

The breaking of a bone into two or more pieces

Glossary: smelling salts

Used to arouse consciousness. The salts release a small amount of ammonia, which triggers the nasal passage's inhalation reflex.

Glossary: antiseptic

A chemical that destroys or holds back the growth of bacteria and harmful micro-organisms. It can be used to cleanse skin wounds and treat some internal infections if it is sufficiently non-toxic.

Glossary: arnica

A flower that is a member of the Daisy family. It is found in areas of the Northern Hemisphere and was used to treat bruises.