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Maxim's 'Pipe of Peace', London, England, 1901-1931

As the inventor of the automatic machine gun, Hiram Maxim (1840–1916) has a somewhat notorious place in history. Less well-known is another invention of his, an inhaler which he called the ‘Pipe of Peace’. Soothing vapours from water warmed with a few drops of 'Dirigo', Maxim’s own calming concoction, could be delivered right to the back of the throat via a long swan-necked glass tube. As word of its effectiveness spread, demand for the ‘Pipe of Peace’ grew and eventually hundreds of thousands were sold in the early 1900s.

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    Glossary: inhaler

    A device for breathing in a drug in order to deliver it to the airways or lungs.

    Glossary: bronchitis

    Inflammation of one or more bronchi (one of the larger air passages in the lungs), usually a result of infection. It is characterized by intense coughing.