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Cardiospasm dilator, Germany, 1925-1940

This object is used to treat cardiospasm or oesophageal achalasia. This is where the lower part of the oesophagus (food pipe) becomes temporarily closed as the muscles go into spasm and cannot relax. Swallowing becomes impossible. The instrument is introduced into the mouth and by pulling the lever the dilator head widens in order to open the food pipe.

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Glossary: cardiospasm dilator

A cardiospasm dilator treats cardiospasm or oesophageal achalasia. This is constriction of the lower portion of the food pipe (oesophagus) due to inability of the muscles to relax. Symptoms include difficulty swallowing, chest pain, vomiting and heartburn. Treatment includes oesophageal dilation using special instruments or medication.