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‘Papine’ is a trade name for an effective pain killer. It is known as an opiate, which means it is a naturally occurring compound in the opium poppy. The Latin name of this poppy is Papaver somniferum, and suggests where the brand name came from. The label on the bottle promises that the sleep and seizure-inducing effects of opium have been removed. Opium and opiates are known to be addictive and if taken for long enough may lead to dependence on the drug. ‘Papine’ was available over the counter at chemists.

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Glossary: bottle

Vessels having a neck and mouth considerably narrower than the body, used for packaging and containing liquid and dry preparations

Glossary: opium

A drug derived from the opium poppy. It has been used to cause sleep and provide pain relief for many centuries.

Glossary: controlled drug

Substances that are controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (UK). These drugs are classified according to the amount of harm they cause when misused.