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Model of an eye, Europe, 1801-1900

The crystal part of this model shows the vitreous humour – the jelly-like substance that fills the eyeball behind the lens. The copper covering represents the sclera, the hard white coating of the eye. This model may have been used to help teach medical students about the basic anatomy of the eye and about how light travels through the front of the eye into the vitreous humour.

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Glossary: eye

The organ of sight or vision. In man, and vertebrates generally, it is properly the movable ball or globe in the orbit, but the term often includes the adjacent parts.

Glossary: vitreous humour

The transparent gelatinous substance that fills the eyeball between the crystalline lens (lens) and the retina.

Glossary: sclera

The white fibrous outer layer of the eyeball. It covers approximately the five sixths of its surface and continuous anteriorly with the cornea and posteriorly with the external sheath of the optic nerve.

Glossary: anatomical model

A model that demonstrates the structure of the human body through the separation of its parts. Often used for teaching purposes.

Glossary: anatomy

A branch of medical science concerned with the structure of living organisms.