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Engraving of the New Anatomy Theatre at the University of Rome, Italy, 1801-1900

Two gentlemen are examining the dissection table at the new anatomy theatre at the University of Rome. The University of Rome was established in the early 1300s and enlarged in 1785 to provide study for chemistry, medicine, anatomy and, from 1792, for midwifery and surgery. As few bodies were available for dissection, demonstrations in theatres enabled a number of medical students to learn human anatomy from watching the same procedure. The first permanent anatomy theatre still in existence was built at the University of Padua in 1594. The engraving is part of an Italian work from the 1800s showing the interior and exterior of Roman landmarks.

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    Glossary: print

    Pictorial works produced by transferring images by means of a matrix such as a plate, block, or screen, using any of various printing processes. When emphasizing the individual printed image, use "impressions." Avoid the controversial expression "original prints," except in reference to discussions of the expression's use. If prints are neither "reproductive prints" nor "popular prints," use just "prints."

    Glossary: anatomy

    A branch of medical science concerned with the structure of living organisms.

    Glossary: dissection

    The cutting apart and separation of body tissues for the purposes of critical examination. Dissection of corpses is often carried out for the study of anatomy.