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Mouse with mottled coloured fur, England, 1999

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Mottled fur has spots of different colours and in mice is caused by the X- chromosome, as shown by mouse number three. Genes that control inherited traits such as hair and eye colour are located on specific chromosomes. It is displayed here with four other mice with different fur colours and types caused by chromosomal changes. All were donated by the Medical Research Council’s Harwell Research Centre, a research institute dedicated to using mouse genetics to help understand human disease.

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Glossary: genetics

No description.

Glossary: mouse

No description.

Glossary: gene

Part of the nucleus of a cell that determines how our bodies function. Genes are passed from parents to children.

Glossary: bioengineering

The development of artificial replacement limbs, organs and tissues. It also refers to the use of plants in controlling erosion and in landscape restoration.

Glossary: chromosomes

The basic elements of DNA - carriers of genetic information.